Archaeological studies of settlement patterns deal with such matters as urbanization, the relationship between town, village, and countryside, and the operation of administrative centers.Findings reflect the relationship of the inhabitants with their environment, and the relationship of groups with each other within that environment.
It occupies most of eastern Europe and north Asia, stretching from the Baltic Sea in the west to the Pacific Ocean in the east, and from the Arctic Ocean in the north to the Black Sea and the Caucasus in the south.
It is bordered by Norway and Finland in the northwest; Estonia, Latvia, Belarus, Ukraine, Poland, and Lithuania in the west; Georgia and Azerbaijan in the southwest; and Kazakhstan, Mongolia, China, and North Korea along the southern border. Tradition says the Viking Rurik came to Russia in 862 and founded the first Russian dynasty in Novgorod.
The various tribes were united by the spread of Christianity in the 10th and 11th centuries; Vladimir “the Saint” was converted in 988.
During the 11th century, the grand dukes of Kiev held such centralizing power as existed.
CATEGORY: feature DEFINITION: A workshop area characterized by of debris from the manufacture of chipped stone tools.
The Russian Federation is the largest of the 21 republics that make up the Commonwealth of Independent States.
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SYNONYMS OR RELATED TERMS: sedentary settlement, sedentary lifestyle CATEGORY: term DEFINITION: A way of life in which people remain settled in one place throughout the year; permanent settlement at one location.
Factors influencing the pattern of settlement in any area may include the subsistence strategy, the political structure, the social structure, population density, and farms of the early 2nd millennium AD in Orange Free State and Transvaal, South Africa.